During the 1840s the Platte valley became another major migration route as thousands of settlers moved westward to Oregon, California, and Utah over the path opened by the fur trade. 1) a) 1 March 1867 , 2) b) 28 May 1852 , 3) c) 4 August 1798 , 4) d) 21 November 1792 Voters have tilted to the right in recent years, a trend evidenced when Hagel retired from the Senate in 2008 and was succeeded by conservative Republican Mike Johanns to the U.S. Senate, as well as with the 2006 re-election of Ben Nelson, who was considered the most conservative Democrat in the Senate until his retirement in 2013. By the end of February 1919, only three states remained as hold-outs to ratification: New Jersey, Connecticut and Rhode Island. Although most of the settlers were anti-slave or abolitionists, there were many pro-slave Missourians lurking just over the border. A 400-foot domed tower rises from this base. By 1703, France had developed a regular trade with the native peoples along the Missouri River in Nebraska, and by 1719 had signed treaties with several of these peoples. In 1963 the name of the institution became Kearney State College. For years, U.S. In 1819, the United States established Fort Atkinson as the first U.S. Army post west of the Missouri River, just east of present-day Fort Calhoun. North Dakota Both North and South Dakota became states on November 2, 1889. There was really no debate over the issue in Nebraska, as the territory was filled with settlers from the Midwest, where there was no slavery. The Nebraska Legislature is unlike any other American legislature in that it is unicameral, and its members are elected without any official reference to political party affiliation. A past tourism slogan for the state of Nebraska was "Where the West Begins" (it has since been changed to "Honestly, it's not for everyone"). Like the unicameral legislature, Nebraska’s electoral distribution is an eccentric feature that’s become part of the state’s identity. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state. [24] The Arbor Day holiday was founded in Nebraska City by territorial governor J. In 2016, it welcomed more refugees per capita than any other state. Americans are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside, due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the federal government. A state of the United States is one of the 50 constituent entities that shares its sovereignty with the federal government. [65][66] Bailey Yard, in North Platte, is the largest railroad classification yard in the world. 1867 - Nebraska is admitted to the Union as the 37th state. Republican Sen. George W. Norris was influential in securing loans from the federal government that enabled these districts to construct hydroelectric and irrigation projects in the Platte and Loup river valleys. The people elected David Butler as the first governor ; Lincoln became the state capital on July 29. Average annual precipitation decreases east to west from about 31.5 inches (800 mm) in the southeast corner of the state to about 13.8 inches (350 mm) in the Panhandle. Panorama Point, at 5,424 feet (1,653 m), is Nebraska's highest point; though despite its name and elevation, it is a relatively low rise near the Colorado and Wyoming borders. Barnhart, John D. "Rainfall and the Populist Party in Nebraska". [62] CliffsNotes were developed by Clifton Hillegass of Rising City. He adapted his pamphlets from the Canadian publications, Coles Notes. In 1934, due in part to the budgetary pressure of the Great Depression, Nebraska citizens ran a state initiative to vote on a constitutional amendment creating a unicameral legislature, which was approved, which, in effect, abolished the House of Representatives (the lower house). Seventeen years later, all 50 states had revoked their marital rape … The territory encompassed areas of what is today Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Colorado, and Montana. Norris was also a major promoter of the idea of a unicameral legislature, which Nebraskan voters endorsed in 1934. However, chinook winds from the Rocky Mountains provide a temporary moderating effect on temperatures in the state's western portion during the winter. Other major railroads with operations in the state are: Amtrak; BNSF Railway; Canadian National Railway; and Iowa Interstate Railroad. In the 1860s, after the U.S. government forced many of the Native American tribes to cede their lands and settle on reservations, it opened large tracts of land to agricultural development by Europeans and Americans. In the 1890s Nebraska’s farmers, afflicted with poor crop prices, high transportation costs, and economic depression, expressed their protest through the People’s Party (also known as the Populist Party). It was admitted to the union as the 37th state on March 1, 1867. The head of the executive branch is Governor Pete Ricketts (Republican). [20] The Nebraska Territory included parts of the current states of Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. More varieties of grass, valuable for forage, grow in this state than in any other in the nation. In the 19th century, semisedentary Native American peoples, most notably the Omaha, Oto, Pawnee, and Ponca, lived in eastern and central Nebraska. Economics, geography, and politics created sectional rivalries within Nebraska in 1854. The facility employs more than 1,200 people. NOTE: The numbers in brackets refer to endnotes for this text. By the 1880s, Nebraska's population had soared to more than 450,000 people. Lincoln, city, capital and second largest city of Nebraska, U.S., and seat (1869) of Lancaster county, in the southeastern part of the state, about 60 miles (95 km) southwest of Omaha. Statehood was rushed to help ensure three electoral votes for Abraham Lincoln 's reelection and add to the Republican congressional majorities. Prosperity returned by 1900 and continued for two decades. The large body of water underneath Nebraska is known as what? It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. Nebraska has a state sales and use tax of 5.5%. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. Bellevue, founded in 1823, was the first permanent settlement. Former President Gerald Ford was born in Nebraska, but moved away shortly after birth. Originally the Nebraska Territory comprised 351,558 square miles (910,531 square km), but by 1863 the organization of the Colorado, Dakota, and Idaho (including the states of Montana and Wyoming) territories had reduced Nebraska almost to its present dimensions. There are five classifications of cities and villages in Nebraska, which is based upon population. More urbanized areas of the state have experienced substantial growth. Violent thunderstorms and tornadoes occur primarily during spring and summer and sometimes in autumn. After becoming a state the capital of Nebraska was moved to Lancaster, which was renamed to Lincoln at a later date as a tribute to Abraham Lincoln. Wenger, Robert W. "The Anti-Saloon League in Nebraska Politics, 1898–1910". Nebraska has a progressive income tax. 1), pages 1 to 21 Transcribed by Jim Scheetz; digitized with permission of the Kansas Historical Society. 1840s - Pioneers travel through Nebraska on the Oregon Trail. Thus, Nevada Territory was the only territory to come to the support of President Lincoln. The Colorado vote, on the same day as the Nebraska vote, was 29 "yes" and 19 "no" and four "absent". It was admitted to the union as the 37th state in 1867. If this be true, there is no sense or reason in having the same thing done twice, especially if it is to be done by two bodies of men elected in the same way and having the same jurisdiction. Related Articles. On January 8, 1918, Mississippi became the first state to ratify the amendment and on January 16, 1919, Nebraska became the 36th state to do so, securing its passage with the required three-fourths of the states. The name of Kansas comes from the Native American Kansa tribe and the region has been inhabited by Native American people for thousands of years. As the United States expanded to the west, the Platte Valley trails of Nebraska became the major highways. In 1991, Kearney State College joined the University of Nebraska system and became the University of Nebraska at Kearney, where its tradition of providing a residential, undergraduate-focused education continues. Votes in these committees were secretive, and would sometimes add provisions to bills that neither house had approved. On what date did Nebraska become a state? On March 1, 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state of the United States of America. Areas under the management of the National Park Service include: Areas under the management of the National Forest Service include: Two major climatic zones are represented in Nebraska. Nebraska has had two official state names: “The Tree Planter State” (1895-1945), and “The Cornhusker State” (1945-present). The entire state experiences wide seasonal variations in both temperature and precipitation. Nebraska's nickname is "The Cornhusker State." After 1824, states quickly began conforming to the norm of statewide selection of electors. The second factor was the invention of several farming technologies. President Andrew Johnson had vetoed its first bid. Since the 1960s, Native American activism in the state has increased, both through open protest, activities to build alliances with state and local governments, and in the slower, more extensive work of building tribal institutions and infrastructure. In 1867, after the Civil War and post-emancipation, Nebraska became the 37th... See full answer below. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, after telegraphing the Constitution of Nevada to the Congress days before the November 8 presidential election (the largest and costliest transmission ever by telegraph). Nebraska joined the union as the 37th state on March 1, 1867 shortly after the American Civil War. For most of its history, Nebraska has been a solidly Republican state. As a Midwestern state, Iowa forms a bridge between the forests of the east and the Grant, Michael Johnston. The territorial capital was Omaha. Related pages. Western Nebraska was acquired by treaty following the Mexican War in 1848. Beezley, William H. "Homesteading in Nebraska, 1862–1872". Settlers were drawn in the 1850s by the salt flats By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. In 1933 the state legislature authorized the creation of public power and irrigation districts. The last bicameral session in 1935 ran 110 days, passed 192 bills and cost $202,593. Nebraska has two major climatic zones. Johanns retired in 2015 and was succeeded by another conservative, Sasse. Regional population declines have forced many rural schools to consolidate. The city is also home to Mutual of Omaha, InfoUSA, TD Ameritrade, West Corporation, Valmont Industries, Woodmen of the World, Kiewit Corporation, Union Pacific Railroad, and Gallup. Republicans have carried the state in all but one presidential election since 1940: the 1964 landslide election of Lyndon B. Johnson. As of the 2010 Census, there were 530 cities and villages in the state of Nebraska. The Spade Ranch, in the Sandhills, is one of Nebraska's oldest and largest beef cattle operations. It is a relatively large state (15th largest in the country) with a population of about 2.9 million people (34th largest). 1) a) 1 March 1867, 2) b) 28 May 1852, 3) c) 4 August 1798, 4) d) 21 November 1792, 5) NULL By the 1960s Minnesota thus became a successful precursor to Route 128 around Boston and Silicon Valley. Nebraska became the 37th state in the United States on March 1, 1867. The Nebraska Legislature can also override the governor's veto with a three-fifths majority, in contrast to the two-thirds majority required in some other states. Grand Island is the headquarters of Hornady, a manufacturer of ammunition. +++++ Nebraska adhered to the tradition of a two-house legislature throughout its history as a U.S. territory and nearly three-quarters of a century after it became a state. [40][41][42], As of 2011, 31.0% of Nebraska's population younger than age 1 were minorities.[43]. Tribal politicians have also collaborated with state and county officials on regional issues. [21] The territorial capital of Nebraska was Omaha. The women’s movement of the 1970’s led to changes in the law. Luebke, Frederick C. "The German-American Alliance in Nebraska, 1910–1917". Nebraska joined the Union as the 37th state on March 1, 1867. A public agency later purchased the private electric power companies outside the Omaha area, and in 1946 the Omaha Public Power District acquired the local private power company. At one time, it boasted two saw mills and one of the largest flour mills in the state. [39] Nebraska, and in particular Lincoln, is the largest home of Yazidis refugees and Yazidi Americans in the United States. 1872 - The first Arbor Day is held in Nebraska City. Kool-Aid was created in 1927 by Edwin Perkins in the city of Hastings, which celebrates the event the second weekend of every August with Kool-Aid Days,[61] and Kool-Aid is the official soft drink of Nebraska. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Below is a list of all 50 states in the order they joined the Union.. The eastern two-thirds of the state has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), although the southwest of this region may be classed as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) using the −3 °C or 26.6 °F boundary. The world's largest train yard, Union Pacific's Bailey Yard, is in North Platte. The first unicameral session two years later ran 98 days, passed 214 bills and cost $103,445. The first constitution was rejected by the people, but the second constitution was approved in 1848. Nebraska uses the Missouri Plan for the selection of judges at all levels, including county courts (as the lowest-level courts) and twelve district courts, which contain one or more counties. In 1963 the name of the institution became Kearney State … On January 29, 1861, Kansas is admitted to the Union as free state. In Nebraska, the one-house system is more efficient than its predecessor. Other elected officials in the executive branch are Lieutenant Governor Mike Foley, Attorney General Doug Peterson, Secretary of State Bob Evnen, State Treasurer John Murante, and State Auditor Charlie Janssen. There are 116 second-class cities and 382 villages in the state. "Who Were the Nebraska Populists?". Only a short four years earlier, it had been a wilderness. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Nebraska's government operates under the framework of the Nebraska Constitution, adopted in 1875,[67] and is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. When did Ohio Become a State. Various prehistoric peoples inhabited Nebraska as early as 8000 bce. Indigenous peoples, including Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and various branches of the Lakota (Sioux) tribes, lived in the region for thousands of years before European exploration. Hundreds of towns have a population of fewer than 1,000. The religious affiliations of the people of Nebraska are: The largest single denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church (372,838), the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (112,585), the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (110,110) and the United Methodist Church (109,283).[51]. Nebraska's name is the result of anglicization of the archaic Otoe words Ñí Brásge, pronounced [ɲĩbɾasꜜkɛ] (contemporary Otoe Ñí Bráhge), or the Omaha Ní Btháska, pronounced [nĩbɫᶞasꜜka], meaning "flat water", after the Platte River which flows through the state. Under the Homestead Act, thousands of settlers migrated into Nebraska to claim free land granted by the federal government. Several factors contributed to attracting new residents. The army abandoned the fort in 1827 as migration moved further west. President Andrew Johnson vetoed the Nebraska statehood bill of 1866, but Congress overrode his veto, and Nebraska became a state on March 1, 1867. Its path to statehood was long and bloody: After the Kansas-Nebraska By 1878 several bands of the Teton Sioux (Lakota) had been relocated from northwestern Nebraska to reservations just over the border in Dakota Territory (now South Dakota). The introduction of Nebraska as a State helped to attract new settlers and the location of Nebraska City as a good crossing of the Missouri River spurred new development in Nebraska City. The Dissected Till Plains region consists of gently rolling hills and contains the state's largest cities, Omaha and Lincoln. Was J. The city of Lincoln had a 2000 population of 225,581 and a 2010 population of 258,379, a 14.5% increase. It was established as a territory by the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1864 and its settlement was begun in 1860. There were several pro-unicameral movements in the state before one finally succeeded. Nebraska became the 37th State shortly after the Civil War in 1867. The state is crossed by many historic trails, including that of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. During the 1880s Omaha became an important industrial and meatpacking centre, and Lincoln became prominent as the state capital and as the seat of the University of Nebraska.