Petra shared in the declining fortunes of Rome; and her death blow was dealt by the conquering Moslems, who desolated Arabia Petrea in 629-32 A.D. 178).In Isaiah 16:1; Isaiah 42:11 the Revised Version (British and American), perhaps we have a reference to the great city of Petra. When Amaziah took it he called it Joktheel (q.v.) Another proposal is that selah can be used to indicate that there is to be a musical interlude at that point in the Psalm. Isaiah 16:1 Send the lambs for the ruler of the land from Selah to the wilderness, to the mountain of the daughter of Zion. When the valley is reached, a sight of extraordinary beauty and impressiveness opens to the beholder. Moore ("Judges," ICC, 56), following Buhl, would identify it with es-Safieh, "a bare and dazzlingly white sandstone promontory 1,000 ft. high, East of the mud fiats of es-Sebkah, and 2 miles South of the Dead Sea." Isaiah 42:11 Let the wilderness and its cities raise their voices, with the villages that Kedar inhabits. Petra appears as the residence of the Arab princes named Aretas. Sela h. Psalms 20:3 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Sela h. Psalms 21:2 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. The valley owes its modern name, Wady Musa, "Valley of Moses," to its connection with Moses in Mohammedan legends. It appears in later history and in the Vulgate Version under the name of Petra. Sela, or Selah ( the rock ), ( 2 Kings 14:7 ; Isaiah 16:1 ) so rendered in the Authorized Version in Judges city later ( 2 Chronicles 25:12 ) probably known as Petra, the ruins of which are found about two days journey north of the top of the Gulf of Akabah and three or four south from Jericho and about halfway between the southern end of the Dead Sea and the northern end of the Gulf of Akabah. it appears as the headquarters of the Nabatheans, who successfully resisted the attacks of Antigonus. is only a vivid and picturesque description of Mt. The Arabic equivalent is known as “Petra”, also called so by the Greeks and in English we know it to mean rock. Jokteel, as we have seen, must be sought elsewhere. of Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "The purple mountains into which the wild sons of Esau clambered run out from Syria upon the desert, some hundred miles by twenty, of porphyry and red sandstone. Under the Romans Petra saw the days of her greatest splendor.According to old tradition Paul visited Petra when he went into Arabia (Galatians 1:17). The seventy-one appearances in Psalms happen within thirty-nine of the Psalms, … It is mentioned by the prophets ( Isaiah 16:1 ; Obadiah 1:3 ) as doomed to destruction. It is called Jechthoel; but the Syrians call it Rekem. He called it Jokteel, a name the meaning of which is obscure. The narratives in which the place is mentioned put identification with Petra out of the question. Edom. Locate examples of ‘Selah’ in Bible verses. The Bible shows principles surrounding what we see in context with "Selah". Question: "What is the significance of the city of Petra in the Bible?" The victory of Amaziah was won in the Valley of Salt. "The caravans from all ages, from the interior of Arabia and from the Gulf of Persia, from Hadramaut on the ocean, and even from Sabea or Yemen, appear to have pointed to Petra as a common centre; and from Petra the tide seems again to have branched out in every direction, to Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, through Arsinoe, Gaza, Tyre, Jerusalem, and Damascus, and by other routes, terminating at the Mediterranean." In the bottom of the Sik flows westward the stream that rises at `Ain Musa, East of the cleft is the village of Elji, an ancient site, corresponding to Gaia of Eusebius (Onomasticon). Select Page. In the end of the fourth century B.C. Answer: The city of Petra is not mentioned in the Bible by that name; rather, it is called by its Hebrew name, Sela in Isaiah 16:1 and 2 Kings 14:7. The interior is reached by defiles so narrow that two horsemen may scarcely ride abreast, and the sun is shut out by the overhanging rocks..... Little else than wild fowls' nests are, the villages: human eyries perched on high shelves or hidden away in caves at the ends of the deep gorges" (G. A. Smith. The victory of Amaziah was won in the Valley of Salt. The true meaning of Selah in the Bible is a mystery. In Judges 1:36 its association with the Ascent of Akrabbim shuts us up to a position toward the southwestern end of the Dead Sea. 2. About 70 B.C. Selah definition is - —a term of uncertain meaning found in the Hebrew text of the Psalms and Habakkuk carried over untranslated into some English versions. The interior is reached by defiles so narrow that two horsemen may scarcely ride abreast, and the sun is shut out by the overhanging rocks. All rights reserved. He called it Jokteel, a name the meaning of which is obscure. SELAH, or Sela, called now Petra, both names mean "rock"; mentioned twice, 2 Kings 14:7 (Selah), Is. While the Biblical account provides only vague clues as to where this horrible event took place (Sela simply means “rock” in Hebrew), the archaeology of a little-known mountaintop stronghold in southern Jordan may hold the answer. se'-la (sela`, ha-cela` (with the article); petra, he petra; the King James Version Selah (2 Kings 14:7)): English Versions of the Bible renders this as the name of a city in 2 Kings 14:7; Isaiah 16:1. ), and Hammahlekoth (see Sela-hammahlekoth). No trace of this name has been found. The name Sela (or sometimes erroneously transliterated as Selah) occurs twice in the Bible. What does the source Hebrew word סֶלָה mean and how is it used in the Bible? ), Etam (q.v. The ruins lie along the sides of a spacious hollow surrounded by the many-hued cliffs of Edom, just before they sink into the Arabah on the West. A wellknown crag in the Wilderness of Maon (q.v. "This "rose-red city half as old as Time"Sela was for long difficult of access, and the attempt to visit it was fraught with danger. Jokteel, as we have seen, must be sought elsewhere. They are said to be the finest rock scenery in the world. In Jdg 1:36; 2 Ch 25:12; and Ob 1:3, it translates literally, "rock"; but the Revised Version margin in each case "Sela." This people took possession about the end of the 4th century B.C., and continued their sway until overcome by Hadrian, who gave his own name to the city-Hadriana. Below are the English definition details. I like Rod Decker, but I think his post may be self-contradictory and seems to assume its conclusion. se'-la (sela`, ha-cela` (with the article); petra, he petra; the King James Version Selah (2 Kings 14:7)): English Versions of the Bible renders this as the name of a city in 2 Kings 14:7 Isaiah 16:1. Sela was for long difficult of access, and the attempt to visit it was fraught with danger. `Salvator Rosa never conceived so savage and so suitable a haunt for banditti.' Selah Definition. In Isaiah 16:1; 42:11 the Revised Version (British and American), perhaps we have a reference to the great city of Petra. Passing this village, the road threads its way along the shadowy winding gorge, overhung by lofty cliffs. "The rock" (the Revised Version margin "Sela") in Ob 1:3, in the phrase "thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock." It is under the Nabateans, however, that Petra begins to play a prominent part in history. When the valley is reached, a sight of extraordinary beauty and impressiveness opens to the beholder. Both Petra and Sela mean “rock,” an appropriate name, since much of the city is carved into sandstone cliffs. ISAIAH 16:1 In the Bible Verse Meaning 1 Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion. Though you make your nest as high as the eagle's, I will bring you down from there, says the Lord. In the Book of Judges there is a mention of a place called Sela, "the rock", on the southern border of the lands still inhabited by the Amorites after the partial conquest of Canaan by the Israelites (Judges 1:36). SELA. Ewing. It is near the base of Jebel Harun, about 50 miles from the Dead Sea, and just North of the watershed between that sea and the Gulf of Akaba. The great highway across the desert to the Persian Gulf was practically in her hands. It was in the midst of Mount Seir, in the neighborhood of Mount Hor, and therefore Edomite territory, taken by Amaziah, and called Joktheel. He would naturally turn his arms at once against this stronghold (2 Kings 14:7); and it may well be the rock from the top of which he hurled his prisoners (2 Chronicles 25:12). Sela (Hebrew) and Petra (Greek) both mean Rock. The fall of the Nabatean power gave Palmyra her chance; and her supremacy in the commerce of Northern Arabia dates from that time. The Nabonidus Inscription at Sela . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. mount sela bible. There can be no doubt that Josephus intended the city in Wady Musa. Under the Nabateans she was the center of the great caravan trade of that time. This name, however, soon disappeared. The latter is by far the more important. Its Old Testament name was Bozrah (Amos 1:12, etc.). 74 King James Bible Verses. Of the descriptions written the best is undoubtedly that of Professor Dalman of Jerusalem (Petra und seine Felsheiligtumer, Leipzig, 1908). The first time we see the word Selah in the Bible is in 2 Kings 14:7. Proud member by | Dec 21, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 21, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments By: Megan Sauter In the sixth century B.C.E., the Neo-Babylonian king Nabonidus inscribed imperial propaganda on a cliff at Sela, a mountain fortress in modern Jordan, after conquering the Edomite site. Eusebius, Onomasticon says Petra is a city of Arabia in the land of Edom. The Israel Bible is the world’s first Tanakh (Bible) centered around the Land of Israel, the People of Israel, and the dynamic relationship between them. And ... [has deceived you], O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock [Sela or Petra], who hold and occupy the height of the hill. Probably in that case it does not denote a city, but some prominent crag. The meaning of the word is not known, though various interpretations are given below. Wetzstein (Excursus in Delitzsch's Isaiah, 696;) hazards the conjecture that the complete ancient nine was Bozrat has-Sela, "Bozrah of the Rock. The great highway across the desert to the Persian Gulf was practically in her hands. Let them shout from the top of the mountains! Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The merchandise of the East was brought hither; and hence, set out the caravans for the South, the West, and the North. And the beast that I saw was like a leopard; its feet were like a bear's, and its mouth was like a lion's mouth. Most of its occurrences are in the book of Psalms, with three mentions in … is only a vivid and picturesque description of Mt. The fall of the Nabatean power gave Palmyra her chance; and her supremacy in the commerce of Northern Arabia dates from that time. Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take it; yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. The city Petra lay, though at a high level, in a hollow three quarters of a mile long and from 800 to 1500 feet wide, shut in by mountain cliffs, and approached only by a narrow ravine, through which, and across the citys site, the river winds. An idea of the scale on which the work was done may be gathered from the size of theater, which furnished accommodation for no fewer than 3,000 spectators. "The rock" (the Revised Version margin "Sela") in Obadiah 1:3, in the phrase "thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock." Edom. Under the Romans Petra saw the days of her greatest splendor. (the rock ), ( 2 Kings 14:7 ; Isaiah 16:1 ) so rendered in the Authorized Version in Judges city later ( 2 Chronicles 25:12 ) probably known as Petra, the ruins of which are found about two days journey north of the top of the Gulf of Akabah and three or four south from Jericho and about halfway between the southern end of the Dead Sea and the northern end of the Gulf of Akabah. While not wholly inaccessible from other directions, the two usual approaches are that from the Southwest by a rough path, partly artificial, and that from the East. Wetzstein (Excursus in Delitzsch's Isa, 696) hazards the conjecture that the complete ancient nine was Bozrat has-Sela, "Bozrah of the Rock.". SELA se’ lə (סֶ֫לַע֒, H6152, rock or cliff; πέτρα, G4376, living rock or cliff). He would naturally turn his arms at once against this stronghold (2 Kings 14:7); and it may well be the rock from the top of which he hurled his prisoners (2 Chronicles 25:12). Judg 1:36 . Selah is defined as a Hebrew word that has been found at the ending of verses in Psalms and has been interpreted as an instruction calling for a break in the singing of the Psalm or it may mean "forever." 1915. 7 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Sela h by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day. Possibly it is the same as Jekuthiel (1 Chronicles 4:18), and may mean "preservation of God" (OHL, under the word). In Judges 1:36; 2 Chronicles 25:12; and Obadiah 1:3, it translates literally, "rock"; but the Revised Version margin in each case "Sela." The Book of the Twelve Prophets. out. Sela meaning in the Bible Latest. Of this there is no certainty; but Christianity was early introduced, and the city became the seat of a bishopric. This he says was the Arabic name; the Greeks called it Petra. SELA means ‘rock,’ ‘cliff,’ or ‘crag,’ and as a common noun is of frequent occurrence in Hebrew. Hebrews 4:12 The materials available in our Bibles and online in various Bible encyclopedias, including Hebrew lexicons and a few articles were mildly helpful - … This people took possession about the end of the 4th century BC, and continued their sway until overcome by Hadrian, who gave his own name to the city--Hadriana. 1. Rod Decker has drawn attention to the fact that the NIV 2011 puts the term Selah in the footnotes rather than in the text of the Psalms, and he suggests that the word should never be verbalized by those who read Scripture aloud. The valley closes to the East, the only opening being through a deep and narrow defile, called the Sik, "shaft," about a mile in length. An excellent account of this wonderful city, brightly and interestingly written, will be found in Libbey and Hoskins' book (The Jordan Valley and Petra, New York and London, 1905; see also National Geographic Magazine, May, 1907, Washington, D.C.). "Entry for 'SELA'". In Judges 1:36 its association with the Ascent of Akrabbim shuts us up to a position toward the southwestern end of the Dead Sea. Selah is a word used 74 times in the Hebrew Bible—seventy-one times in the Psalms and three times in the Book of Habakkuk. It was near Mount Hor, close by the desert of Zin. Define ‘Selah’ as used in the Bible. Tools. In three or four passages (Judges 1:36, 2 Kings 14:7, Isaiah 16:1-14:l, and, according to some, Isaiah 42:11) the word appears to be a proper name.In Judges 1:36 a site near the southern end of the Dead Sea is required by the context. The New American Standard Hebrew Lexicon defines the Hebrew word (סֶֽלָה) as “to lift up, exalt.” Bibliography Information "The purple mountains into which the wild sons of Esau clambered run out from Syria upon the desert, some hundred miles by twenty, of porphyry and red sandstone. It was a direct reference to a specific place at the heart of the Edomite kingdom. It is under the Nabateans, however, that Petra begins to play a prominent part in history. The temples, the tombs, theater, etc., hewn with great skill and infinite pains from the living rock, have defied to an astonishing degree the tooth of time, many of the carvings being as fresh as if they had been cut yesterday. An idea of the scale on which the work was done may be gathered from the size of theater, which furnished accommodation for no fewer than 3,000 spectators.Such a position could not have been overlooked in ancient times; and we are safe to assume that a city of importance must always have existed here. More correctly translated as “Sela” it refers to a strong city and even the capital city of Edom which is surrounded by mountains. .... Little else than wild fowls' nests are, the villages: human eyries perched on high shelves or hidden away in caves at the ends of the deep gorges" (G. A. Smith. It was by Trajan reduced to subjection to the Roman empire. se'-la (sela`, ha-cela` (with the article); petra, he petra; the King James Version Selah (2 Kings 14:7)): English Versions of the Bible renders this as the name of a city in 2 Kings 14:7 Isaiah 16:1.In Judges 1:36 2 Chronicles 25:12; and Obadiah 1:3, it translates literally, "rock"; but the Revised Version margin in each case "Sela. There are extensive ruins at Petra of Roman date, which have been frequently described by modern travellers. It also appears three times in the third chapter of the minor prophet Habakkuk. The latter is by far the more important. The merchandise of the East was brought hither; and hence, set out the caravans for the South, the West, and the North. Petra shared in the declining fortunes of Rome; and her death blow was dealt by the conquering Moslems, who desolated Arabia Petrea in 629-32 AD. It is impossible to assume with Hull (HD B, under the word) that this name, when it appears in Scripture, always refers to the capital of Edom, the great city in Wady Musa. Bible Scholars have come up with multiple meanings and possible explanations for the meaning of the word. It is called Jechthoel; but the Syrians call it Rekem. Salem Media Group. General Editor. 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