Leaflets lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, pubescent above and below, the largest to 7.5 – 8 x … … Family Papilionaceae. Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Nomenclatural Notes (as Cajan(us) cajan) Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. It is used for both human nutrition and animal fodder. Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. Cajanus indicus Spreng. Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds $4.50 Loading In stock. Cajanus cajan. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Field Mus. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Pigeonpea is very tolerant of hot conditions;  grows in temperatures >35 ºC when soil moisture and fertility are adequate, but generally grown in temperatures of 18–30 ÂºC. Synonym(s) Common name(s) Pigeonpea Congo … Parampreet Kaur, Mohit Verma, Pavan K Chaduvula, Swati Saxena, Nikita Baliyan, Alim Junaid, Ajay K Mahato, Nagendra Kumar Singh . Consequently, it is difficult to find references to accessions that have been specifically selected as forage or multipurpose varieties. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. family Fabaceae genus Cajanus species ... Cajanus cajan Name Synonyms Cajan cajan (L.) Huth Cajan cajan (L.) Millsp. Major host of: Acanthoscelides flavescens; Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean bruchid); Acanthoscelides … Pigeonpea fixes nitrogen. 2: 739 (1753). Pigeon peas are one of the most important food legume crops which … p. 175–178. (L.) Millsp. Amazonia. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. and Phatak, S.C. (2003) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. Moderately unpalatable until stock become accustomed to the taste. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2003.2212, Shenkute, B., Hassen, A., Ebro, A. and Amen, N. (2013) Performance of Arsi-Bale kids supplemented with graded levels of pigeonpea in dry seasonin Mid Rift valley of Ethiopia. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. Palatability increases with age of the plant and it has been reported that grazing should start at the podding stage. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:40144-2 Publication Report. It is consumed as a major source of protein (21%) to the hum … Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. This plant has no children Legal Status. Cajanus; pigeon pea (C. cajan) Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae: Clade: Tracheophytes: Clade: Angiosperms: Clade: Eudicots: Clade: Rosids: Order: Fabales: Family: Fabaceae: Tribe: Phaseoleae: Genus: Cajanus DC.1813: Species see text Synonyms; Atylosia … Foliage can be browsed but branches are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves. 2: 459. Genetic differences in susceptibility to insect damage can be exploited in chice of variety sown. 551 Accesses. Leaf and young pods can be harvested and conserved, or fed fresh. 2: 739 (1753). Leaves remain on the plant under dry conditions. However, there is such wide variation in genetic material available around the tropics, that selection of niche genotypes should be feasible providing edaphic and climatic conditions are suitable. It is an often cross-pollinated crop, and breeding principles of both self and cross-pollinated crops are highly effective in its genetic enhancement. Leaf cannot tolerate frost but may escape a light ground frost due to its height. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Dense stands act as a ground cover to reduce erosion, while open stands of taller varieties can provide shade cover for establishing plantation crops, e.g. Cannot tolerate frequent, severe cutting, or heavy defoliation as with continuous grazing, although regrowth occurs even when coppiced as low as 15 cm. Fabaceae + Synonyms. Springer, Boston, USA. … Family: Common name: Cajanus cajan: Cytisus cajan, Cajanus indicus, Cajanus flavus: Fabaceae : Arhar: Cajanus crassus: Cantharospermum volubile, Atylosia volubilis, Atylosia crassa: Fabaceae : Thick-Stemmed Cajanus: Cajanus heynei: Atylosia kulnensis, Cajanus kulnensis, Dunbaria heynei: Fabaceae : Heyne's Pigeonpea: Cajanus lineatus: Atylosia lineata : Fabaceae : Wild Toor: Cajanus scarabaeoides: … Cajanus cajan and Other Legume Species. Tall late flowering varieties are commonly grown as a food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the semi-arid tropics. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth; Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low.Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Natural outcrossing varies from 5 to 70 per cent depending on prevailing weather conditions (temperature, humidity, wind velocity and direction), insect pollinators (usually honeybees) and their location in relation to crop field and flower morphology of genotypes. It is grown for its protein- rich seeds since ancient days (De 1974). ser. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Exch. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. and Phaseolus vulgaris L., respectively. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) is thought to have originated in India, where it is still widely grown as a food crop. bit.ly/3bsoSK6. Chicago 2: 53. Good nitrogen fixation makes it a useful green manure; most of fixed N is transferred to the developing seed after flowering. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Genus: Cajanus Adans. Various plant parts used in folk medicine to treat a variety of conditions. Making the most of small quantities of seed. Cajanus marmoratus . Close up green pigeon pea Gude. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. Cajanus cajan Pigeonpea is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting can kill the plant. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Cajanus_cajan.PDF, Ayenan, M.A.T., Ofori, K., Ahoton, L.E. Genotypes combining resistance to both diseases have now been bred that should improve perenniality of Cajanus cajan in forage or agroforestry systems. Minimum soil fertility levels of about 56 kg N, 5 kg P, and 22 kg K are required to produce 1 tonne of seeds. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. It is very sensitive to low radiation at pod development and requires full sunlight at this growth phase. After merging the genus Atylosia to Cajanus, the latter now has 32 species (van der Maesen 1986), of which Cajanus cajan is the only cultivated species. Pre-plant incorporation of fluchloralin, pre-emergence applications of pendimethalin, alachlor and linuron, and post-emergence applications of clodinafop-propargyl, quizalofop, and imazethapyr have been found to have minimal or no effect on the legume. Regeneration of foliage is moderate when the plants are younger but becomes poorer as the plants become woody nearer the end of their life. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Seeds are relatively soft and attacked by bruchid weevils during storage. Millsp. Insights into PPR Gene Family in . Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. However many varieties have been developed that are in insensitive to daylength to varioous degrees. (2010) Forage production for smallholder farmers in the semi-arid region of Brazil. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. Seeds ... An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.]. Mostly diploid (2n = 22), rarely tetraploid (2n = 44) or hexaploid (2n = 66). Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. and Danquah, A. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Cajanus cajan: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: FABACEAE: English name: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram: Local name: Tora parippu (තෝරපරිප්පු) / Rata tora (රටතෝර) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Aadhaki, Tuvari, Tuvara, Shanapushpika: Conservation status: Description: Shrub about 1.5 m tall. The Mlo gene family has been characterized in several crop species, but only a single legume species, soybean (Glycine max L.), has been investigated so far. ), plume moth (Exelastis atomosa) and blue butterfly (Lampides boeticus). (2017) Pigeonpea [(Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.)] Pigeonpea is promiscuous in it rhizobial requirements so special inoculant is not required. Primarily grown as a grain crop for seed for human consumption (pulse, vegetable) with over 4 million hectares cultivated worldwide. Genus Cajanus. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Commensurately lower cutting heights should be adopted for lower-growing types. Susceptibility to fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease (SMD) have limited the utilisation of pigeonpea as a perennial species. Related Links. Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Genus Cajanus. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. bicolor (DC.) and Kishor Gaikwad* National Research Centre on … Under good grazing management, perennial varieties have persisted up to 5 years. Hist. 4 Citations. In most developing countries pigeonpea is grown as an intercrop with cereals or legumes, which are harvested to avoid competition before the pigeonpea flowers and sets seeds. 64 Cajanus cajan A0A151T4H7_CAJCA—UPF0326 protein At4g17486 family 1.6e-102 92.9 65 Oryctolagus cuniculus G1SNF3_RABIT—Trichohyalin 1.7e - … The centre of origin is the eastern part of peninsular India, including the state of Orissa, where the closest wild relatives occur. 2: 459. (Pigeonpea). The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline … Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:2366–2370. Cajanus indicus Spreng. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. Broadcast or planted in rows with a seed rate of over 20 kg/ha when sown as ground cover or for fodder. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. : Papilionoideae) Citation: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. f. Leg. As a crop, pigeonpea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall <300 mm, but does best with 600–1,000 mm AAR, and up to 2,500 mm providing there is unimpeded drainage. (eds). Grasses:  Cenchrus americanus, Chloris gayana, Cynodon dactylon, Digitaria eriantha, Melinis minutiflora, Sorghum spp., Zea mays (intercropping). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1–6th August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Agriculture & Food Security 6:48. doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0129-1, Duke, J.A. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa. Afr. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Cajanus cajan: Genus: Cajanus: Species: cajan: Common Name: pigeonpea: Abbreviation: cajca: Pigeon pea is a member of the millettioid (warm-season legume) clade within the sub-family Papilionoideae. As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. Excellent green manure for improving soil structure and quality. Trop. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. Isolation of compound was achieved by … Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. During the last few decades extensive studies have been carried out regarding … The plant density recommended for the later maturing highly branched fodder varieties is 50,000–60,000 plants/ha. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. The plant is self-fertile. If inoculation is considered necessary, cowpea type strains are recommended (CB 756 in Australia, C 95 in South America). Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth; Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low.Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. Pigeonpea fixes nitrogen. Pigeon pea varieties have protein content in the range of 23-26% . Cajanus cajan, Cotyledon, Pharmacognostic, Phytochemical, Seed coat Correspondence to Author: Dr. Pratima H. Good yields of wood for fuel although calorific value is low. It has a self-supporting growth form. and Sheila, V.K. (C. cajan) (Family: Fabaceae) also known as pigeon pea, is a famous food and cover/forage crop bearing a high amount of key amino acids (methionine, lysine and tryptophan).This study investigated into the total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2 -azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. However, if pigeonpea is being sown with a grain or forage grass, care should be taken to ensure that any chemicals used do not have adverse effects on the grass. "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Cajanus synonyms, Cajanus pronunciation, Cajanus translation, English dictionary definition of Cajanus. coffee. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. The protein content is comparable with those in other legumes like cowpea and groundnut which have been used in complementing maize. ), blister beetle (Mylabris spp. Several edible beans like Lablab, Dolichos, Phaseolus, Vigna and Cajanus come under tribe Phaseoleae but in the sub-tribe Cajaninae, only one species, Cajanus cajan has been domesticated and cultivated. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[301. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cajanus&oldid=980735968, Taxa named by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 04:22. Noun 1. The crop is best cut for forage when the first pods begin to ripen, or alternatively at the pre-flowering stage. Contact us about this record. – cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cattle on pigeonpea pasture gained 0.7–1.25 kg/day at carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200–500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Stems are used for firewood. Other common names are pigeon pea, congo pea, gungo pea and no-eye pea 5. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK. Cajanus "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Satheesh Naik, Nidhi Mohan, Rachit K. Saxena and Rajeev K. Varshney Abstract Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] is an important legume crop of the papilionaceae family. Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. f. Leg. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Pigeonpea has a variety of genetic mechanisms, including protogyny, male sterility and weak self-incompatibility, to promote natural out-crossing. It is also used extensively as a cover crop, green manure, inter crop etc. Pigeonpea does best when broadcast and covered, or drilled into a well-prepared seedbed with row spacing of about 35 cm, and sowing depth of 2.5–10 cm. Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng. Wetland Status. It has a self-supporting growth form. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Family Papilionaceae. Genus: Cajanus Adans. This crop is endowed with a rich germplasm base. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. 2: 53 (1900); Bak. Ramjohn Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Seeds Photograph by: User:C.L. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Plants can be grown in and around fields as a windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Amazonia Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Sowing rates range from 0.5 to 4 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation. Contents. Related Links (opens in a new window) Treatments in Other Floras @ www.efloras.org. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Same citation as Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1900). Though the bush's flowers aren't unusual, the above features along with the fact that this Bean Family member forms a woody shrub or small tree with trifoliate leaves, it was easy to identify this plant as the Pigeon Pea, CAJANUS CAJAN, sometimes also called Congo Pea, Red Gram and Yellow Dahl. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds Add to Favorites Click to zoom DanfoodforestSeeds 414 sales 414 sales | 5 out of 5 stars. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Cajanus . (Family: Fabaceae) is an important legume crop cultivated across 50 countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas; and ranks fifth in area among pulses after soybean, common bean, peanut, and chickpea. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.1533. Botanical Name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. Field Columbian Mus. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) However, threshing waste was an extremely nutritious feed for sheep. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … Seeds may also be harvested by hand picking, taking care not to cause much defoliation so as not to reduce flowering and podding and promote a second crop. A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China; Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of … ी kakshi, तुवरी tuvari (Sanskrit); ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai (Tamil); khaithei (Tangkhul); ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu (Telugu); ارهر arhar, توأر tuar (Urdu), Latin America: andú, cuandú, ervilha de Angola, ervilha de sete anos, ervilha do Congo, feijao andú, feijão Congo, feijão árvore, feijão de cuandú, feijão guando, guandú (Brazil); arveja de Angola, cachito, cascabellilos, chicharo de paloma, chicharo de arbol, chivatillo, frejol de palo, frejol mantecoso, fríjol de árbol, frijol de la India, frijol del monte, frijol de palo, frijol guandul, frijol quinchancho, gandul, gandules, guando, guandu, guandú, guandul, guandu quinconcho, guisante de Angola, guisante de paloma, guisante enamo, guisante gunga, guisante gungo, lenteja bocona; lenteja francesa, planta de guandú, puso-poroto, puspo poroto, quinchocho, quinchoncho, sacha poroto, timbolillo (Spanish), Now widespread and cultivated throughout tropics and subtropics. Can be used as a semi-permanent, perennial component in alley cropping systems. Pigeonpeas are susceptible to Fusarium wilt especially on wet soils. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Pigeonpea is a hard woody … Crop Science 43:2212–2217. Alternatively, seeds can be placed into holes on a 2 m grid. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), a locally available, affordable and under-utilized grain legume of the tropics and sub-tropics.

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