Cost/Price before ST: $100.00. General 11: Colorado Civil Tax Penalties and Interest If a taxpayer does not pay their tax by the applicable due date, that taxpayer will owe penalty and interest. The City of Evans self collects local sales tax. How 2020 Sales taxes are calculated in Denver. City of Longmont Sales Tax Rates - Effective January 1, 2018. Federal Taxes. Remember that zip code boundaries don't always match up with political boundaries (like Rangely or Rio Blanco County ), so you shouldn't always rely on something as imprecise as zip codes to determine the sales tax rates at a given address. The Colorado sales tax Service Fee rate (also known as the Vendor's Fee) is 0.0333 (3.33%). Depending on local municipalities, the total tax rate can be as high as 11.2%. Colorado is a little different than other states when it comes to how retailers collect sales tax. 2. Tax Rates effective from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017: State of Colorado 2.90% Larimer County 0.65% City of Fort Collins 3.85% Total Sales Tax 7.40% Fort Collins Lodging Tax … Colorado enacted its sales tax in 1935 and adopted its use tax in 1936. The Colorado sales tax rate is currently %. The County sales tax rate is %. Colorado.gov/Tax. How to Apply for a Sales and Use Tax License. Forty-five states and the District of Columbia collect sales tax. dealr.tax is a tax locator designed to output tax rates with only an address. Average Sales Tax (With Local): 6.223%. The sales tax is remitted on the DR 0100, “Retail Sales Tax Return”. State State Rate Range of Local Rates Local Rates Apply to Use Tax; Alabama: 4.000%. If you make a sale to someone in your district, you collect the full combined sales tax rate at your buyer’s ship to address. Because the City of Boulder is home rule so is self-collected, all city taxes are remitted to the City of Boulder. To review the rules in Colorado, visit our state-by-state guide. Please consult your local tax authority for specific details. Regular 5-digit zip code level sales tax rate table won’t charge tax at checkout in WooCommerce, Our WooCommerce Colorado sales tax rate table is capable of charging zip+4 sales tax at zip code level. You must register your business with the City of Evans and the See why thousands of businesses trust Avalara for all their sales tax needs. Our free sales tax risk assessment shows where you might need to file. There are approximately 866 people living in the Crestone area. These rates held constant from July 1, 2015 to January 1, 2016. 2020 Colorado Tax Tables with 2021 Federal income tax rates, medicare rate, FICA and supporting tax and withholdings calculator. Find easy and cost-effective sales tax filing for your business. Sales Tax Rates. Tax jurisdiction breakdown for 2021. Do you know where you have an obligation to collect sales tax (also known as nexus)? The Crestone, Colorado sales tax rate of 8.9% applies in the zip code 81131. The December 2019 total local sales tax rate was also 5.650%. Please contact our sales tax staff at [email protected] or call 303-441-3050 (and do not select an option) for further questions on city tax rates and proper city tax remittance. The five states with the highest average local sales tax rates are Alabama (5.14 percent), Louisiana (5.00 percent), Colorado (4.73 percent), New York (4.49 percent), and Oklahoma (4.42 percent).Average local rates rose the most in Florida, jumping the state from the 28th highest combined rate to the 22nd highest. The County sales tax rate is %. The Montbello sales tax rate is %. The Colorado sales tax rate is currently %. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. DR 1002: This document lists the sales and use tax rates for all Colorado cities, counties, and special districts. Effective January 1, 2021, the City of Colorado Springs sales and use tax rate will decrease from 3.12% to 3.07% for all transactions occurring on or after that date. Medical marijuana is subject to the 2.9% state sales tax and any local sales taxes. aspen Tax jurisdiction breakdown for 2020. COVID-19. Colorado is a little different than other states when it comes to how retailers collect sales tax. If you need access to a database of all Colorado local sales tax rates, visit the sales tax data page. This rate is made up of the following components: City of Evans 4.5% State of Colorado 2.9% Total 7.4%. (Includes: State of Colorado, RTD/CD, and the City and County of Broomfield - see below for detail) Additional Tax: Local Improvement Districts. Other 2020 sales tax fact for Colorado As of 2020, there is 131 out of 415 cities in Colorado that charge city sales tax for a ratio of 31.566%. Learn about Colorado tax rates, rankings and more. 0% – 9.0% Some local jurisdictions do not impose a sales tax.. Yes/No Some of the cities and counties do apply use tax. 4.75%. The outbreak of COVID-19 (caused by the coronavirus) may have impacted sales tax filing due dates in Aspen. The Colorado sales tax rate is currently %. To review the rules in Colorado, visit our state-by-state guide. Automate sales tax preparation, online filing, and remittance with Avalara Returns for Small Business. The average combined tax rate is 7.52%, ranking 16th in the US. Colorado has a statewide sales tax rate of 2.9%, which has been in place since 1935. The lowest non-zero, state-level sales tax is in Colorado, which has a rate of 2.9 percent. In addition, municipalities in 38 states impose a local sales tax. The allowable vendor service fee is also 4%. Colorado Property Taxes. The minimum combined 2021 sales tax rate for Aspen, Colorado is . Colorado Sales Tax. Sales Tax Rates. The last rates update has been made on July 2020. Colorado collects a state income tax at a maximum marginal tax rate of %, spread across tax brackets. Four states tie for the second-highest statewide rate, at 7 percent: Indiana, Mississippi, Rhode Island, and Tennessee. To review the rules in Colorado, visit our state-by-state guide. Colorado is divided into districts. Four states tie for the second-highest statewide rate, at 7 percent: Indiana, Mississippi, Rhode Island, and Tennessee. 5-digit zip code level Colorado sales tax rate table for WooCommerce, Magento community edition 1.7 .02-1.8.1.0 and Magento enterprise edition 1.13.1.0. Groceries: TAX EXEMPT: Clothing: 8.9%: Prepared Food: 8.9%: Prescription Drugs: 6%: Non-Prescription Drugs: 6%: Empire Sales Tax Calculator Purchase Details: $ in zip code Leave the zip code default for purchases made in Empire. South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. Exemptions County, Municipality, and Special District Sales/Use Tax Exemptions Options: If an exemption is … The Centennial State has a flat income tax rate of 4.63%, and one of the lowest statewide sales taxes in the country, at just 2.90%. Have a question? This is the total of state, county and city sales tax rates. Colorado has recent rate changes (Wed Jan 01 2020). Tax Rate Changes / Modifications. As of July 1, 2020 the total sales tax rate in the City is 7.4%. The Colorado sales tax Service Fee rate (also known as Vendor’s Fee) is 0.0400 (4.0%) with a Cap of $1,000.00. Pitkin County Mass Transit (mts) 0.5%. The rate change list does not contain rates for all locations. Typically, returns must be filed on a monthly basis. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. h�bbd```b``������aɺD2Ղe-�"��"�`�nɲL^ ��`٣`�y`�-`v ��d�:H2�_�o�H�D��z $�=2``bd�� �e`�9����{� T�p Learn about Colorado tax rates, rankings and more. Look up any Aspen tax rate and calculate tax based on address, Simplified sales tax compliance for your business. Registration Fees Fees are based on the empty weight and type of vehicle being registered, C.R.S. The City of Evans self collects local sales tax. Groceries: TAX EXEMPT: Clothing: 5.4%: Prepared Food: 5.4%: Prescription Drugs: 2.5%: Non-Prescription Drugs: 2.5%: Wray Sales Tax Calculator Purchase Details: $ in zip code Leave the zip code default for purchases made in Wray. When considering these local taxes, the average Colorado sales tax rate is 7.65%. Apply online; PDF application; Excel application Penalty calculations vary depending on the type of tax (income tax, sales tax, severance tax, etc.). There are approximately 2,189 people living in the Rangely area. What is Evans sales tax rate? 6690 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<06B47BA165894FC9824BEB4FF9493B11>]/Index[6666 44]/Info 6665 0 R/Length 117/Prev 326717/Root 6667 0 R/Size 6710/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Colorado has a statewide sales tax rate of 2.9%, which has been in place since 1935. The average local rate is 4.62%. Sales Tax Breakdown. Colorado's sales tax rates for commonly exempted categories are listed below. The Colorado (CO) state sales tax rate is currently 2.9%. Although the Colorado state sales tax rate is the lowest across the nation, when comparing both state and local government sales tax rates across the nation, its rate is close to the national average. Adams County Remainder. Try it today. If your business is located in a self-collected jurisdiction, you must apply for a sales tax account with that city. Automating sales tax compliance can help your business keep compliant with changing sales tax laws in Colorado and beyond. Cost/Price before ST: $104.67. As of July 1, 2020 the total sales tax rate in the City is 7.4%. Some rates might be different in Wray. This includes Colorado’s sales tax rate of 2.9%, Larimer County’s sales tax rate of 0.650%, and Fort Collins’ local district tax rate of 3.850%. Sales Tax Rates The total sales tax rate for the City and County of Broomfield (excluding Special Districts) is 8.15%. You must register your business with the City of Evans and the Colorado Department of Revenue. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. Get the solution your small business needs to sync sales data, prepare sales tax returns, and file online with a single click. Some rates might be different in Empire. … Property taxes in the Centennial State are currently at 7.96 percent, whereas the rate for nonresidential properties is at 29 percent. Sign up for our free email subscription service to receive notifications when new tax information is available. Unlike the Federal Income Tax, Colorado's state income tax does not provide couples filing jointly with expanded income tax brackets.. Colorado's maximum marginal income tax rate is the 1st highest in the United States, ranking directly below Colorado's %. Colorado Sales/Use Tax Rates For most recent version see www.taxcolorado.com DR 1002 (06/24/15) COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE Taxpayer Service Division PO Box 17087 Denver CO 80217-0087 This publication, which is updated on January 1 and July 1 each year, lists Colorado Sales/Use Tax rates throughout the state. The Town of Parker has a 3.0% sales tax rate on the sale of tangible personal property at retail or the furnishing of taxable services. 42-3-306 aspen If you make a sale to someone in your district, you collect the full combined sales tax rate at your buyer’s ship to address. Municipal governments in Colorado are also allowed to collect a local-option sales tax that ranges from 0% to 8.3% across the state, with an average local tax of 3.323% (for a … The Colorado sales tax rate is currently %. The City of Gunnison's sales tax rate is 4%. To review the rules in Colorado. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. Automating sales tax compliance can help your business keep compliant with changing sales tax laws in Colorado and beyond. The list of sales and use tax rate changes that will go into effect on January 1, 2021 is now available. The Aspen sales tax rate is %. When shipping to customers in the state of Colorado, your tax rate will depend upon the county and city tax districts that your business and customer share in common. For more information, visit our ongoing coverage of the virus and its impact on sales tax compliance. The Colorado state sales tax rate is 2.9%, and the average CO sales tax after local surtaxes is 7.44%. Colorado's sales tax rates for commonly exempted categories are listed below. Tax Rate Changes / Modifications. Local Rates. The lowest non-zero, state-level sales tax is in Colorado, which has a rate of 2.9 percent. Exemptions County, Municipality, and Special District Sales/Use Tax Exemptions Options: If an exemption is not listed, state-collected local Shipping In-State. The Colorado Springs sales tax rate is %. Total Cost/Price including ST: $112.00. The change was largely due to a 1 percent sales tax in Broward County and a 1.5 percentage-point local increase in Hillsborough County. visit our ongoing coverage of the virus and its impact on sales tax compliance. Check out our free Sales Tax Technology 101 ebook. The rates are also available in the publication Colorado Sales/Use Tax Rates (DR 1002). The maximum local tax rate allowed by Colorado law is 8%. Exemptions County, Municipality, and Special District Sales/Use Tax Exemptions Options: If an exemption is not listed, state-collected local jurisdictions do not have that exemption option. Local-level tax rates in the state of Colorado are quite complex compared to other states. Sale-Tax.com strives … California has the highest state-level sales tax rate, at 7.25 percent. There is also 331 out of 689 zip codes in Colorado that are being charged city sales tax for a ratio of 48.041%. Follow @SaleTaxCom. The statewide sales tax in Colorado is just 2.9%, lowest among states with a sales tax. I am an Avalara customer and want to chat about my products and services. Colorado 2.9%. The outbreak of COVID-19 (caused by the coronavirus) may have impacted sales tax filing due dates in Aspen. Colorado has state sales tax of 2.9% , and … What is Evans sales tax rate? AvaTax delivers real-time sales tax rates and uses advanced technology to map rates to exact address locations, based on the latest jurisdiction requirements. The state general sales tax rate of Colorado is 2.9%. Sales tax rates are determined by exact street address. The total rate for your specific address could be more. 6666 0 obj <> endobj Sales Tax Breakdown. On November 3, 2015, Colorado Springs voters approved a sales and use tax rate increase of 0.62% to fund road repair, maintenance and improvements. In some cases, the local sales tax rate can be higher than the state sales tax rate. If you need access to a database of all Colorado local sales tax rates, visit the sales tax data page. What does this sales tax rate breakdown mean? h��V�n�8�>6Xxy�@�����u�����T[u��-CR���;CJ�/�'/� sDg��sf����� N�n Empowering you through sales tax automation. California has the highest state-level sales tax rate, at 7.25 percent. Total Cost/Price including ST: $105.00. Colorado Sales Tax Rate Look-Up. South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. Sales Tax Rates The total sales tax rate for the City and County of Broomfield (excluding Special Districts) is 8.15%. With local taxes, the total sales tax rate is between 2.900% and 11.200%. %%EOF The Denver, Colorado, general sales tax rate is 2.9%.Depending on the zipcode, the sales tax rate of Denver may vary from 2.9% to 8.75% Every 2020 combined rates mentioned above are the results of Colorado state rate (2.9%), the county rate (0% to 0.75%), the Denver tax rate (0% to 4.31%), and in some case, special rate (1.1%). %PDF-1.4 %���� A "business license" is not required to operate within the City of Gunnison. Visit the How to Look Up Sales & Use Tax Rates web page for more sales and use tax rate information. Aspen 2.4%. To review the rules in Colorado, visit our state-by-state guide. Among the 45 states that assess state sales and use taxes, Colorado’s tax rate is the lowest in the country. The lowest non-zero, state-level sales tax is in Colorado, which has a rate of 2.9 percent. Sales and use taxes are not collected at the federal level. Effective January 1, 2007, the Adams County Sales Tax rate increased from 0.7 percent to 0.75 percent. FlatIron Improvement District (FID): Add .01% for a total of 8.16%. To review the rules in Colorado, visit our state-by-state guide. On November 2, 2004, voters approved a ballot issue to increase the existing Open Space Sales Tax from 0.2 percent to 0.25 percent and extend the tax until December 31, 2026. Every 2020 combined rates mentioned above are the results of Colorado state rate (2.9%), the county rate (0% to 6.5%), the Colorado cities rate (0% to 7%), and in some case, special rate (0% to 2.1%). Quickly calculate taxes by address. Colorado is divided into districts. Please consult your local tax authority for specific details. The following list of electronic address database providers are currently certified by the Department. ��QPDZ��&6,b�,�+�H�m#%N��4J$�%0o��$ܡ�*�j"��(�0gI$�"?��hB~��*��1�R��tA�������H]>f0� ��~������\e��i��O?�I����~[�����gZzg��Zβ2_�?�f٪���-��U]>}�ϊ��� 'Y ��.��Jן�|�P�5fA� E��"�^�z0(~�=��_"�����į^��|��y/8�%]f��������9������C�+��I��N����/2��Ζw ��(Tň�|]%��9���{�V��:�. Get immediate access to our sales tax calculator. The December 2019 total local sales tax rate was also 5.650%. Need the exact sales tax rate for your address? h�b```�U�b�B ��ea�X �7&8h700p1_s辠��m>c��;v����"ȳ�FI��b�r�J���v�\��QN�X\�P B������`a��[��zϷ800Ftt40H 1[FGK���b� �1����@B�8�t�0�� -Ē`7%20&�D1�0^g)b�Ƭ��˜�|�1�ٖ9�Y��)ո�������Ӳ�Q�S�Q���1���@ډ�1^0Q,���4#0 ziP, Effective January 1, 2007, the Adams County Sales Tax rate increased from 0.7 percent to 0.75 percent. Email updates are a free service provided by CDOR. City of Longmont = 3.53% State of Colorado = 2.90% RTD = 1.00% Cultural District = 0.10% Boulder County = 0.985% TOTAL Combined Sales Tax Rate in Longmont: 8.515%. The County sales tax rate is %. Where do I file my Sales Tax Returns? Colorado is notoriously one of the most difficult states for managing sales tax. US Sales Tax Rates | CO Rates | Sales Tax Calculator | Sales Tax Table. For more information. Registration Link. Chat with a sales tax specialist and get answers right now. The 7.96% sales tax rate in Arvada consists of 2.9% Colorado state sales tax, 0.5% Jefferson County sales tax, 3.46% Arvada tax and 1.1% Special tax.The sales tax jurisdiction name is Arvada (Jefferson Co), which may refer to a local government division.You can print a 7.96% sales tax table here.For tax rates in other cities, see Colorado sales taxes by city and county. Retail, ecommerce, manufacturing, software, Customs duties, import taxes, item classification, Sales tax for online and brick-and-mortar sales, Tax compliance for SaaS and software companies, Sales and use tax determination and exemption certificate management, Returns preparation, filing, and remittance for client, Tax management for VoiP, IoT, telecom, cable, Short-term rental, hotel, B&B tax management, Manage beverage alcohol regulations and tax rules, U.S. transaction data insights for manufacturing, retail, and services sectors, Your all-in-one guide to changes in rates, rules, and regulatory compliance. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. FlatIron Improvement District (FID): Add .01% for a total of 8.16%. Interest rates may vary from year to year and are listed below. Groceries and prescription drugs are exempt from the Colorado sales tax; Counties and cities can charge an additional local sales tax of up to 7.1%, for a maximum possible combined sales tax of 10% State Comparisons. (Includes: State of Colorado, RTD/CD, and the City and County of Broomfield - see below for detail) Additional Tax: Local Improvement Districts. On November 2, 2004, voters approved a ballot issue to increase the existing Open Space Sales Tax from 0.2 percent to 0.25 percent and extend the tax … However, because of numerous additional county and city sales taxes, actual combined rates can be as high as 11.20%. History & Fun Facts HISTORY. Alaska: 0.000%. The Colorado (CO) state sales tax rate is currently 2.9%, ranking 45th-highest in the U.S. A complete list of state, city, county, and special district tax rates is available through Revenue Online. The Wiley sales tax rate is %. The 2018 United States Supreme Court decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. has impacted many state nexus laws and sales tax collection requirements. NOTE: Food used by a business or commercial entity, such as coffee or bottled water served to customers or employees, is subject to state sales tax. No state increased their state-level sales tax with the beginning of 2016. Roaring Fork Rural Transportation Authority 0.4%. Some local jurisdictions do not impose a sales tax. Pitkin 3.1%. Tax is remitted on the DR 0100, "Retail Sales Tax Return." ... New DR0024 Sales Tax Receipt; This publication also contains a list of self-administered home-rule cities. In case of an item with a final price of $112 that includes a sales tax rate of 7% this application will return these results: Sales tax: $7.33. Tax Rates effective from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017: State of Colorado 2.90% Larimer County 0.65% City of Fort Collins 3.85% Total Sales Tax 7.40% Fort Collins Lodging Tax … This rate is made up of the following components: City of Evans 4.5% State of Colorado 2.9% Total 7.4%. District Rate; Colorado State: 2.900%: Chaffee County: 2.750%: Monarch: 0.000%: Total: 5.650%: Monarch Details Monarch, CO is in Chaffee County. Sales Tax Rate Changes; Sales Tax Return Changes; Frequently Asked Questions; Sales & Use Tax Email Alerts . COVID-19. endstream endobj startxref Description Colorado sales tax rate table. See Department publication Colorado Sales/Use Tax Rates (DR 1002) for tax rates, service fee rates, and exemption information for state and state-administered sales taxes. The jurisdiction-specific rates shown add up to your minimum combined sales tax rate. 2.9%. The Aspen sales tax rate is %. 0% – 7.85% A cap on the local sales/use tax applies on sales of any item of tangible personal property. 0 endstream endobj 6667 0 obj <>/Metadata 88 0 R/Pages 6664 0 R/StructTreeRoot 94 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 6668 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[9.0 9.0 621.0 801.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 6669 0 obj <>stream With a subscription, you automatically receive updates without having to return to the website and check for changes. Depending on local municipalities, the total tax rate can be as high as 11.2%. Register for Colorado Sales Tax. COVID-19. [39-26-102(4.5), C.R.S.] ... Rest assured knowning our database is certified under Colorado's "Hold Harmless" statute. Explore data on Colorado's income tax, sales tax, gas tax, property tax, and business taxes. Compare your take home after tax and estimate your tax return online, great for single filers, married filing jointly, head of household and widower Click any locality for a full breakdown of local property taxes, or visit our Colorado sales tax calculatorto lookup local rates by zip code. Adams County Remainder Cultur. The Colorado sales tax Service Fee rate (also known as Vendor’s Fee) is 0.0400 (4.0%) with a Cap of $1,000.00. Monarch is in the following zip codes: 81227. I'm interested in learning more about Avalara solutions. Need more rates? Sales of hot and cold beverages in unsealed containers sold by vending machine are not exempt. Companies doing business in Colorado need to register with the Colorado Department of Revenue. Where do I file my Sales Tax Returns? The County sales tax rate is %. Colorado Retail Sales Tax Return DR 0100 (10/07/19) COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE Denver CO 80261-0013 Colorado.gov/Tax *DO*NOT*SEND* General Information Retailers must file a sales tax return for every filing period, even if the retailer made no sales during the period and no tax is due. The County sales tax rate is %. South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. Colorado.gov/Tax. The minimum combined 2021 sales tax rate for Aspen, Colorado is. Sales and purchases of food sold through vending machines are exempt from Colorado sales tax. Municipal governments in Colorado are also allowed to collect a local-option sales tax that ranges from 0% to 8.3% across the state, with an average local tax of 3.373% (for a total of 6.273% when combined with the state sales tax). The sales tax is remitted on the DR 0100, “Retail Sales Tax Return”. When comparing both state and local government sales tax rates across states, Colorado is close to the national average. Last sales taxes rates update. Sales tax: $5.00. Below is a breakdown of the combined sales tax rates for the Town of Parker. 6709 0 obj <>stream The Colorado sales tax rate is currently %. Sales tax definition and rates The Rangely, Colorado sales tax rate of 6.5% applies in the zip code 81648. However, as anyone who has spent time in Denver, Boulder or Colorado Springs can tell you, actual sales tax rates are much higher in most cities. I am an Avalara customer and want to chat about my products and services. The state sales tax rate in Colorado is 2.900%. Cities and/or municipalities of Colorado are allowed to collect their own rate that can get up to 7% in city sales tax. The current total local sales tax rate in Monarch, CO is 5.650%. The 0.62% road repair, maintenance, and improvements tax will expire five years from the date of implementation and will apply to all transactions that are currently taxable under the City Sale sand Use Tax Code. Remember that zip code boundaries don't always match up with political boundaries (like Crestone or Saguache County ), so you shouldn't always rely on something as imprecise as zip codes to determine the sales tax rates at a given address. It also contains contact information for all self-collected jurisdictions. Colorado has 560 cities, counties, and special districts that collect a local sales tax in addition to the Colorado state sales tax.Click any locality for a full breakdown of local property taxes, or visit our Colorado sales tax calculator to lookup local rates by zip code. Explore data on Colorado's income tax, sales tax, gas tax, property tax, and business taxes. District Rate; Colorado State: 2.900%: Chaffee County: 2.750%: Monarch: 0.000%: Total: 5.650%: Monarch Details Seven states follow with 4 percent rates: Alabama, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, New York, South Dakota, and Wyoming.